Wizlav von Rugen
Wizlav von Rugen
Musically Wizlaw is very keen to experiment: there are some highly complex melismatic melodies as well as hands-popular song, a composition in pure pentatonic scale and even oriental notes. His most famous song is the Song of Autumn Loibere risen, which even today can be found in the repertoire of many middle ages and even Angelo Branduardi was interpreted. He has sealed more songs are as handed down, as in the Jena Liederhandschrift proven three leaves have been lost. That is why even the authorship of the first award Sang I wil sing in the niuwen Wise liet unclear - he was formerly Friedrich von Sonnenburg attributed, whose work in the code immediately preceding; However, it could also belong to Wizlawkorpus. The assignment of an author's name to the texts could only be because a Wizlaw is called in three different songs themselves.
Three of the songs are received only incomplete as a result of your lost pages. All songs of love and sayings also include the melodies in square notation , several spells are (as in Sang saying poets usual) in the same melody ("in the same tone sung "). Two prince price stanzas, one of Frauenlobstraße and one of the Golden, praise the Prince of Rügen. Some scientists (Seibicke, Wallner, Wachinger) are of the opinion that the Prince Wizlaw III. not the minstrel Wizlaw was.
Other literary and musical scholars who have dealt with Wizlaw, however, see an identity of each person. For the identity of the following arguments are passed into the field: In the Jena Liederhandschrift to find the two mentioned prince price stanzas in which the complaints Prince is dubbed "Wizlaw the boy" to distinguish him from his father of the same name. In the same Code, find the Wizlaw songs, where this refers to himself at one point as "Wizlaw the boy." It should be remembered, however, that the authors of the verses could not know that this would one day gathered together in a code. In a song the singer praises a Minne way (senende wise) of the singer "Unghelarte". This is documented in 1300 in Stralsund detected. In a eulogy praising Wizlaw a gentleman of Holstein (Count Erich von Holstein-looking castle, in 1328 as a hamburger Propst testified in documents). The Holsteiner were documented detected in close connection to the Rügen Princely House.
A gentleman of Holstein also signed the 1304 peace document between the princes Wizlaw and Sambor. Against the identity of the following arguments are passed into the field: The name Wizlaw was not uncommon. The addition of the boy is not so unique that could not carry him different people. The surviving oeuvre, especially the epigrammatic poetry, is more suited to a career as a poet aristocratic dilettantes. Especially prince price sayings - like the one on the counts of Holstein - belong to the repertoire of paid contract seal. The fact that a higher-ranked Duke (!) Could boast a fellow nobles public in verse, is unlikely in the light of contemporary court literature. The name of the prince and the singer is often written differently in different publications: Wizlaw, Wizlav, Wizlaf, Wizlaff, Witzlaw, Witzlav, Witzlaf, Witzlaff. Prince of Rügen Wizlaw was the first of probably four sons and four daughters in marriage of Prince Wizlaw II and the Welf Princess Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg in 1265 or 1268 born.
It was probably under the influence of his maternal relatives, he received a chivalrous courtly education. He was instructed by the Stralsund Master Ungelarde († 1300), who was also known as a singer. A Traditional event Wizlaws teenage years was anything but beautiful: Wizlaw was during a prayer service at the Riga Dom after he was a merchant in a reluctant answer for a debt, stabbed by this. As a result, he suffered from a Gehfehler. Wizlaw III.
was first mentioned in documents in 1283, when he donated his father to the convent Neuenkamp confirmed. His father ruled until the end of his life and inherited the throne Prince 1302 Wizlaw not alone: He had to share it with the only surviving brother Sambor. Both feuded such that they were forced in 1304 to sign a document, which forced them to keep the peace in the future - otherwise their men were entitled to stand against them. After Sambor death in 1304 Wizlaw ruled until 1325 alone.
Since he was still without an heir, completed his liege lord, the Danish king Erik Menved with him in 1310 a contract of inheritance. It was agreed that the rügische fief at death Wizlaws should fall to the Danish crown without heirs. At the same time renounced the side lines of the princes of Rügen, the gentlemen of Gristow and Putbus , a possible successor. The reign Wizlaws was anything but peaceful: He was drawn into the Margrave war for supremacy in the Baltic Sea between his lord Erik VI. of Denmark (Erik Menved), Margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg and the rich trading cities on the Baltic Sea.
Especially complicated was Wizlaws relation to Stralsund , that influential and powerful city in the Principality of Rügen. After Stralsund in 1313 in the wake of the conquest of Rostock by Henry II had ransomed of Mecklenburg by money payments and waiver of the privileges of a threatened invasion of Denmark, Mecklenburg and further allied troops Wizlaw sought to expand its influence in the city. The relevant negotiations failed because Stralsund was not prepared to the restrictions required by Wizlaw of Liibeck law to accept and 1314 with Waldemar of Brandenburg and the rügischen gentry allied against his sovereign. As 1316 an army assault under the Duke Erich I of Saxe-Lauenburg Stralsund, Wizlaw had participated in the seaward siege of the city on the part of the Danish fleet.
The siege ended with the defeat of the besieging army at night during an outage of Stralsund and the capture of the Duke. The siege fleet suffered heavy losses, Wizlaw had to flee. Only in 1317 it came to a peace agreement. Wizlaw that lacked by the war costs of money awarded far-reaching privileges to Stralsund, and pledged the city the princely duties and jurisdiction.
He also appeared opposite her a sum of money his coin from, in 1319 from the Sundische Mark was coined. Wizlaw was married twice: first (before 1305) with Margaret from an unknown gender and after her death (1310) with Agnes from the house of Lindow-Ruppin. The first marriage was probably childless, the first daughter Euphemia motherhood by Margareta would be possibly conceivable. With Agnes Wizlaw then had the daughter Euphemia and the last child the long-awaited successor Jaromar. But he died, probably about thirteen years old, on May 24, 1325 before the Father (November 8, 1325).
Wizlaw probably died of a broken heart because he could not cope with the death of his only son, who was also the last male scion of the princely family. After the death of King Erik Menveds 1319 testamentary contract with Denmark had become obsolete and had Wizlaw 1321 Erbverbrüderungsvertrag with his nephew, the Duke Wartislaw IV of Pomerania-Wolgast closed. When he died already in 1326, it came to rügischen War of Succession . In the spring of 2013 was the first time in Germany, the fragment of a seal of the early medieval nobility - namely that of Witzlaw III. found on a spoil field at Stralsund. In general, after the death of the owner signets were smashed or melted, so also this.
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