Some of these stories are very popular in German-speaking countries to this day, such as "Der kleine Muck" ("The History of Little Mook"), "Kalif Storch" ("Caliph Stork"), "Die Geschichte von dem Gespensterschiff" ("The Tale of the Ghost Ship"), and "Der Zwerg Nase" ("Dwarf Long-Nose") — all set in the Orient — and "Das kalte Herz" ("The Cold Heart") and "Das Wirtshaus im Spessart" ("The Inn in Spessart"), both set in Germany. He also wrote there the first part of the Mitteilungen aus den Memoiren des Satan (Memoirs of Beelzebub) (1826) and Der Mann im Mond (The Man in the Moon) (1825). The latter, a parody of the sentimental and sensual novels of Heinrich Clauren (the pseudonym of Karl Gottlieb Samuel Heun) (1771-1854), became in the course of composition a close imitation of that author's style and was actually published under his name. Clauren, in consequence, brought and won an action for damages against Hauff. Whereupon Hauff followed up the attack in his witty and sarcastic Kontroverspredigt über H.
Clauren und den Mann im Mond (1826) and attained his original object: the moral annihilation of the mawkish and unhealthy literature with which Clauren was flooding the country. Meanwhile, inspired by Sir Walter Scott's novels, Hauff wrote the historical romance Lichtenstein: Romantische Sage aus der wuerttembergischen Geschichte (Lichtenstein: Romantic Saga from the History of Württemberg) (1826), which acquired great popularity in Germany and especially in Swabia, treating as it did the most interesting period in the history of that country, the reign of Duke Ulrich (1487-1550). This novel was the inspiration for Duke Ulrich's heir, Duke Wilhelm of Urach, to rebuild the castle, which had fallen into disrepair, in accordance with Hauff's description. While on a journey to France, the Netherlands, and northern Germany he wrote the second part of the Memoiren des Satan and some short novels, among them the charming Die Bettlerin vom Pont des Arts (The True Lover's Fortune; or, the Beggar of the Pont des Arts) (1826) and his masterpiece, the novella Phantasien im Bremer Ratskeller (The Wine-Ghosts of Bremen) (1827). He also published some short poems, which have passed into Volkslieder, among them "Morgenrot, Morgenrot, leuchtest mir zum frühen Tod?" ("Dawn's light, you are lighting my way to early death") and "Steh ich in finstrer Mitternacht" ("I stand in the darkest midnight"). In January 1827, Hauff undertook the editorship of the Stuttgart Morgenblatt and in the following month married his cousin Luise Hauff, but his happiness was prematurely cut short by his death from fever on 28 November 1827. Considering his brief life, Hauff was an extraordinarily prolific writer. The freshness and originality of his talent, his inventiveness, and his genial humour have won him a high place among the southern German prose writers of the early nineteenth century.
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