He played an important part in the Early Music Revival in the Soviet Union. Vavilov was active as a performer on both lute and guitar, as a music editor for a state music publishing house, and more important, as a composer. He routinely ascribed his own works to other composers, usually Renaissance or Baroque (occasionally from later eras), usually with total disregard of a style that should have been appropriate, in the spirit of Fetis, Kreisler, Manuel Ponce, Casadesus and other mystificators of the previous eras. His works achieved enormous circulation, and some of them achieved true folk music status, with several poems set to his melodies. Vavilov died in poverty, of pancreatic cancer, a few months before the appearance of "The City of Gold", which became a hit overnight. The most famous of his anonymous or misattributed compositions are: - "Сanzona by Francesco da Milano". Poets A.
Volkhonsky and A. Khvostenko would later set lyrics on this music, the song called "The City of Gold" song (in Russian "Город Золотой"). The song, in turn, would become a hit in the 1980s when it was performed by Aquarium for the score to the film Assa. - "Mazurka by Andrey Sychra", - "Elegy by Mikhail Vyssotsky", - "Russian Melody (tremolo study) by Mikhail Vyssotsky", - "Ricercar by Niccolo Nigrino", - "Impromptu" by Balakirev, and most famous of all, - "Ave Maria by Giulio Caccini" (Vavilov himself did not call it so, having it as Anonymous instead, after a few years since it was first released Mark Szachin added "Caccini" name to it). It is often performed to this day, notably by Inessa Galante, Andrea Bocelli, Sumi Jo, Charlotte Church inter alia.
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