In 1934, he moved to England, where he gave performances in London. His companion was Amy Ashwood Garvey, Marcus Garvey's first wife. She produced Brown Sugar, a jazz musical production at the Lafayette Theatre, which featured Manning and Fats Waller and his band. She and Manning opened the Florence Mills Social Club in London's Carnaby Street, which quickly became a gathering spot for the city's black intellectuals. Manning returned to New York in 1941. That same year, he produced the only known calypso "soundies".
film clips made for film jukeboxes located in restaurants and bars. They featured Manning and his ensemble, and Trinidadian dance legend Beryl McBurnie. In 1947, Manning wrote and directed Caribbean Carnival, a Broadway show produced by Adolph Thenstead, which was billed as the "First Calypso Musical Ever Presented". It was a lavish production, featuring 50 singers and dancers, among them New York-based calypsonian, the Duke of Iron, Trinidadian dancer, Pearl Primus, and Manning himself.
Manning and Thenstead also founded a record company, Cyclone. Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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