Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 244 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 245 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 246 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 247 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 248 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 249 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 250 ]
Undefined variable: data_item [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/lastFmModel.php Line 251 ]
Trying to get property of non-object [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/model/youtubeModel.php Line 63 ]
Undefined variable: cookie_headers [ On /var/www/virtual/jpop.com/public_html/generatrix/external/magpierss-0.72/extlib/Snoopy.class.inc Line 438 ]
Reinhold Moritsevich Gliere - JPop.com
Artist info
Reinhold Moritsevich Gliere

Reinhold Moritsevich Gliere

Reinhold Moritsevich Gliere


Reinhold Moritzovich Glière (Russian: Рейнгольд Морицевич Глиэр, Rejngol'd Moricevič Glièr) (January 11 [O.S. 30 December 1874] 1875 – June 23, 1956) was a Soviet composer of German-Polish descent. Glière was the second son of the wind instrument maker Ernst Moritz Glier (1834-1896) from Saxony, who emigrated to Kiev and married Józefa (Josephine) Korczak (1849-1935) the daughter of his master, from Warsaw (Poland). His original name, as given in his baptism certificate, was Reinhold Ernst Glier. Read more on Last.fm
Reinhold Moritzovich Glière (Russian: Рейнгольд Морицевич Глиэр, Rejngol'd Moricevič Glièr) (January 11 [O.S. 30 December 1874] 1875 – June 23, 1956) was a Soviet composer of German-Polish descent. Glière was the second son of the wind instrument maker Ernst Moritz Glier (1834-1896) from Saxony, who emigrated to Kiev and married Józefa (Josephine) Korczak (1849-1935) the daughter of his master, from Warsaw (Poland). His original name, as given in his baptism certificate, was Reinhold Ernst Glier. About 1900 he changed the spelling and pronunciation of his surname to Glière, which gave rise to the legend, stated by L.

Sabaneev for the first time (1927), of his French or Belgian descent. Glière entered the Kiev school of music in 1891, where he was taught violin by Otokar Sevcik among others. In 1894 Glière entered the Moscow conservatory where he studied with Sergei Taneev (counterpoint), Michail Ippolitov-Ivanov (composition), Jan Hrimaly (violin), Antoni Arenskij and Georgi Konjus (both harmony). He graduated in 1900 having composed a one act opera 'Earth and Heaven' (after G.G. Byron) and receiving a gold medal in composition.

In the following year Glière accepted a teaching post at the Moscow Gnesin school of music. Taneev found two private pupils for him in 1902: Nikolai Mjaskovskij and the eleven-year old Sergei Prokofiev, who Glière taught on Prokofiev's parental estate Sontsovka. Glière studied conducting with Oskar Fried in Berlin from 1905 to 1908. One of his co-students was Serge Koussevitzky, who conducted the premiere of Glière's second symphony, op.

25, on 23rd January 1908 in Berlin. Back in Moscow Glière returned again to the Gnesin school. In the following years Glière composed the symphonic poem Sireny, op. 33 (1908), the programme symphony Ilya Muromets, op.

42 (1911) and the ballet-pantomime Chrizis, op. 65 (1912). In 1913 he got an appointment to the school of music in Kiev, which was raised to the status of conservatory shortly after. A year later he was appointed director.

In Kiev he taught among others Levko (Lev) Revoutski, Boris Lyatoshinsky and Vernon Duke (Vladimir Dukelsky). In 1920 Glière moved to the Moscow conservatory where he (intermittently) taught until 1941. Boris Aleksandrov, Aram Khachaturian, Aleksandr Davidenko, Lev Knipper and Aleksandr Mosolov were some of his pupils from the Moscow era. For some years he held positions in the organisation Proletkul't and worked with the People's Commissiariat of Education. The theatre was in the centre of his work now.

In 1923 Glière was invited by the Azerbaijan People's Commissariat of Education to come to Baku and compose the prototype of an Azerbaijani national opera. The result of his ethnographical research was the opera Shakh-Senem, thought as the corner stone of Soviet-Azerbaijan National Opera Tradition. Here the musical legacy of the 'Russian classics' from Glinka up to Scriabin is combined with folk song material and some symphonic orientalisms. In 1927, inspired by the ballerina Ekaterina Vasilevna Geltser (1876-1962), he wrote the music for the ballet Krasnyj mak (The Red Poppy), later revised, to avoid the connotation of opium, as Krasnyj cvetok (The Red Flower, 1955).

The Red Poppy was praised "as the first Soviet ballet on a revolutionary subject". Perhaps this was his most famous work in Russia as well as abroad. The ballet-pantomime Chrizis was revised just after the Poppy, in the late twenties, followed by the popular ballet Comedians (1931, later re-written and re-named The Daughter from Castile) after Lope de Vega. After 1917 Glière never visited the west as other Russian composers did. He gave concerts in Siberia and other remote areas of the Soviet Union instead.

He was working in Uzbekistan as a "musical development helper" at the end of the 1930s. From this time emerged the "drama with music" Gjulsara and the opera Lejli va Medûnun, both composed with the Uzbek Talib Sadykov (1907-1957). From 1938 to 1948 Glière was chairman of the organisation committee of the Soviet Composers Association. Before the revolution Glière had already been honoured three times with the Glinka prize.

During his last few years he was very often awarded: Azerbaijan (1934), the Russian Soviet Republic (1936), Uzbekistan (1937) and the USSR (1938) appointed him Artist of the People. The title doctor of art sciences was awarded to him in 1941. He won first-degree Stalin-prizes: In 1946 (Concerto for Voice and Orchestra), 1948 (Fourth String Quartet), and 1950 (The Bronze Horseman). As Taneev's pupil and an 'associated' member of the circle around the Petersburg publisher Mitrofan Beljaev, it appeared Glière was destined to be a chamber musician. In 1902 Arenskij wrote about the Sextette op.

1, one recognizes Taneev easily as a model and this does praise Glière. Unlike Taneev, Glière felt more attracted to the national Russian tradition as he was taught by Rimskij-Korsakov's pupils Ippolitov-Ivanov and Arenskij. Alexander Glazunov even certified an "obtrusively Russian style" to Glière's 1st Symphony. After all he finds with the 3rd symphony Ilya Muromets a synthesis between national Russian tradition and impressionistic refinement.

The première was in Moscow in 1912, and it resulted in the award of the Glinka Prize. The symphony depicts in four tableaux the adventures and tragic death of the Russian hero Il’ja Muromec. This work was widely performed, in Russia and abroad, and earned him world-wide renown. It became one of the favourite items in the extensive repertoire of Leopold Stokowski, who made, with Glière's approval, an abridged version, shortened to around the half the length of the original.

The today's cult status of Ilya Muromets is based not least on the pure dimensions of the original 80 minute work, but Ilya Muromets demonstrates the high level of Glière's artistry. The work has a comparatively modern tonal language, massive Wagnerian instrumentation and long lyrical lines. Notwithstanding his political engagement after the October revolution Glière kept out of the ideological ditch war between the Association for Contemporary Music (ASM) and the Russian Association of Proletarian Musicians (RAPM) during the late 1920s. Glière concentrated primarily on composing monumental operas, ballets, and cantatas. His symphonic idiom, which combined broad Slavonic epics with cantabile lyricism, is governed by rich, colourful harmony, bright and well-balanced orchestral colours and perfect traditional forms.

Obviously this secured his acceptance by Czarist and Soviet authorities, at the same time creating resentment from many composers who suffered intensely under the Soviet regime. As the latter genuine representative of the pre-revolutionary national Russian school, i.e. as a 'living classic', Glière was immune to the standard reproach of "formalism" (mostly equivalent to "modernity" or "bourgoise decadence"). Thus the infamous events of 1936 and 1948 passed Glière by. The concerti for harp (op.

74, 1938), Coloratura soprano (op. 82, 1943) and horn (op. 91, 1950, dedicated to Valery Polekh), which attained popularity also in the western foreign countries, have to be mentioned as 'virtuoso use music'. Nearly unexplored are Glière's educational compositions, his chamber works, piano pieces and songs from his time at the Moscow Gnesin school of music.

Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
Top Albums

show me more

showing 4 out of 20 albums
Shoutbox
No Comment for this Artist found
Leave a comment


Comments From Around The Web
No blog found
Popular Songs
Flickr Images
No images
Related videos
No video found
Tweets
No blogs found