He moved several times in the 1910s, living in Salzburg, Dresden, and Munich, eventually accepting the position of professor of composition at the Leipzig University of Music and Theatre which had previously been held by Max Reger. In 1925 he quit the post in order to focus on composition. Returning to Berlin in 1930, he directed the Stern'sches Konservatorium and, from 1935 to 1941, served as professor of composition at the Reichsmusikkammer. This position, previously held by Wilhelm Furtwängler, was within a Nazi-sponsored organization, although the extent to which Graener sympathized with Nazi ideals is a subject of debate. In the late 1920s Graener had joined the Militant League for German Culture and on 1 April 1933 he became a member of the Nazi Party.
During World War II, Graener's Berlin apartment was bombed and he moved with his family to, successively, Wiesbaden, Munich, Vienna, and Salzburg. Graener died in Salzburg at the age of 72 in 1944. Stylistically, Graener was heavily indebted to the late Romanticism of Richard Strauss and Max Reger. Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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