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Mehdi Akhavan Sales

Mehdi Akhavan Sales

Mehdi Akhavan Sales


Mehdi Akhavan-Sales (مهدی اخوان ثالث), or Akhavan-Saless (1928, Mashhad, Iran — 1990, Tehran, Iran) was a prominent Persian poet. He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in Persian language. Akhavan Sales was born in 1928 in Mashhad, Iran. He gave up an interest in music to appease his father. When the government of prime minister Mohammad Mossadegh was toppled, he was imprisoned along with other political activists. His daughter Laleh, was born while he was in prison. Read more on Last.fm
Mehdi Akhavan-Sales (مهدی اخوان ثالث), or Akhavan-Saless (1928, Mashhad, Iran — 1990, Tehran, Iran) was a prominent Persian poet. He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in Persian language. Akhavan Sales was born in 1928 in Mashhad, Iran. He gave up an interest in music to appease his father. When the government of prime minister Mohammad Mossadegh was toppled, he was imprisoned along with other political activists.

His daughter Laleh, was born while he was in prison. After his release from prison in 1957, he started work in radio, and soon after was transferred to Khouzestan to work in TV. Later on, he taught literature on radio and TV and at the university. After the 1979 Iranian Revolution he was granted membership to the Iranian Academy of Artists and Writers. In 1981 he was forced to retire from government service without pay.

In 1990, following an invitation from the cultural organization in Germany, he traveled abroad for the first time. Few months after his return, he died at Mehr Hospital in Tehran. He is buried on the grounds of the mausoleum of Ferdowsi in Tus. Although Akhavan Sales's poetic career began as early as 1942, he did not acquire the degree of recognition, necessary for breaking into the literary circles of his time until the publication of his third volume of poetry in 1956. Called "Zemestan" (Winter), this volume boosted Sales's career and placed him among the top runners for the mantle of Nima Yushij.

In fact, for many circles, Nader Naderpour and Akhavan Sales were equally recognized as worthy successors of the Bard of Mazandaran. The fact that like Nima they both had started as traditionalists and had worked their way into new realms of New Poetry through individual initiative itself deserved praise for singular effort. Akhavan's forte, like the bard of Tus, Ferdowsi, is epic; more precisely, he chooses themes of epical proportion and expresses them with the same zeal that Ferdowsi uses in the Shahnameh. The difference is that they write for two diametrically different audiences. Akhavan Sales need not engage his poetry in gavel by gavel battles of Iranian and Turanian chiefs.

Rather, he can focus on the theme and illustrating aspects of it with diverse, often far-fetched similes, metaphors, and symbols. Finally, Sales's language is complex. While translating his verse, one cannot ignore the impact of the internal rhyme, the interconnection of seemingly disparate images, and the ubiquitous presence of the theme. Sales's "Winter," is a good example for understanding the depth of his conviction as well as the dexterity and the finesse that distinguish his compositions. مهدی اخوان ثالث (زاده اسفند ۱۳۰۷، مشهد- درگذشته ۴ شهریور ۱۳۶۹، تهران) شاعر پرآوازه و موسیقی‌پژوه ایرانی است. تخلص وی در اشعارش «م.

امید» بود. اخوان ثالث در شعر کلاسیک ایران توانمند بود. وی به شعر نو گرایید او آثاری دلپذیر در هر دو نوع شعر به جای نهاده‌است. همچنین او آشنا به نوازندگی تار و مقام‌های موسیقیایی بوده‌است. مهدی اخوان ثالث در سال ۱۳۰۷ در توس نو مشهد چشم به جهان گشود. در مشهد تا دوره متوسطه ادامه تحصیل داد. از نوجوانی به شاعری روی آورد و در آغاز قالب شعر کهن را برگزید. در سال ۱۳۲۶ دوره هنرستان مشهد رشته آهنگری را به پایان برد و همان جا در همین رشته آغاز به کار کرد. در آغاز دههٔ بیست زندگیش به تهران آمد و پیشهٔ آموزگاری را برگزید. اخوان چند بار به زندان افتاد و یک بار نیز به حومه کاشان تبعید شد. در سال ۱۳۲۹ بادختر عمویش ایران (خدیجه) اخوان ثالث ازدواج کرد. در سال ۱۳۳۳ برای دومین بار به اتهام سیاسی زندانی شد. پس از آزادی از زندان در ۱۳۳۶ به کار در رادیو پرداخت و مدتی بعد به تلویزیون خوزستان منتقل شد. در سال ۱۳۵۳ از خوزستان به تهران بازگشت و این بار در رادیو و تلویزیون ملی ایران به کار پرداخت. در سال ۱۳۵۶ در دانشگاه‌های تهران، ملی و تربیت معلم به‌تدریس شعر سامانی و معاصر روی آورد. در سال ۱۳۶۰ بدون حقوق و با محرومیت از تمام مشاغل دولتی بازنشسته (بازنشانده) شد در سال ۱۳۶۹ به دعوت خانه فرهنگ آلمان برای برگزاری شب شعری از تاریخ ۴ تا ۷ آوریل برای نخستین بار به خارج رفت و سرانجام چند ماهی پس از بازگشت از سفر در چهارم شهریور ماه همان سال از دنیا رفت طبق وصیت وی در توس در کنار آرامگاه فردوسی به خاک سپرده شد. از او ۴ فرزند به‌جای مانده‌است. اخوان ثالث چهل روز پس از بازگشت از خانه فرهنگ آلمان در چهارم شهریور ماه سال ۱۳۶۹ در تهران از دنیا رفت.

وی در توس در کنار آرامگاه فردوسی به خاک سپرده شده‌است. منبع ویکیپدیا Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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