He spent two years (1698-1700) employed by Prince Francesco Ruspoli in Rome, before adopting the nickname of "Le Romain" at some point between 1705 and 1707. By 1708, he became a musician to the king of France, in the king's 'Grande Écurie, and in 1717, he inherited René Pignon Descoteaux's post as Jouëur de Fluste de la musique de chambre. By 1743, he was listed among the most famous musicians in France. Hotteterre owed his fame largely to his talent playing the flute, an instrument for which he wrote a number of pieces, significantly extending the repertory for the instrument. In addition, he played the bassoon, oboe, and musette.
Jacque-Martin Hotteterre was also an internationally celebrated teacher to aristocratic patrons, and he wrote a few methods for the transverse flute. His L'Art de préluder sur la flûte traversière (1719) is an excellent source on ornamentation and improvisational practices during this period. It underscores his highly developed technique and includes pieces in nineteen keys. In addition to performance and teaching, Hotteterre continued his family's tradition of wind instrument making. It may have been Hotteterre who made a number of changes in the design of the transverse flute, though there is little concrete evidence for this.
Most notably, the flute, which had previously been made in one cylindrical piece, was cut in three pieces: the head (with the mouthpiece), the body (with most of the holes) and the foot (with several holes). He died in Paris in 1763. Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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