They are perhaps the best internationally known members of the nueva canción movement. Their name means 'Sun of the Illimani.' In Aymara Illimani is the name of a mountain in the Bolivian Andes. They influenced Yeni Türkü, a Turkish group, during their debut album, Buğdayın Türküsü (Song of Wheat) in 1979. The group was formed by students at Universidad Técnica del Estado at Santiago, Chile in 1967. In 1973 as they were on tour abroad, General Augusto Pinochet launched a coup d'etat and took power.
Having heard of the numerous extra-judicial killings of many fellow artists by Chile's army, they took up residence in Italy, resulting in "the longest tour in history" for Inti-Illimani as they lived in de facto exile. They continued their efforts supporting Chilean democracy internationally; magnitizdat copies of their work continued to be widely distributed in Chile. In September 1988, days after they were no longer banned from Chile, they began touring Chile again. They helped organize the voting down of the referendum that would have re-elected Pinochet.
Recently, they were actually supported by Chile as representatives of Chilean culture. In the past the group was musically led by Horacio Salinas and politically led by Jorge Coulon. However, in 2001 there was a controversial split of the group, which started when three key members left the group (José Seves, Horacio Durán and Horacio Salinas). They were replaced by Manuel Meriño (from Entrama), Cristián González and Juan Flores. Due to the importance of departed members, many called into question the ability of the remainder to carry on the Inti-Illimani name.
Meanwhile, the three departed members started their own group they call Inti-Histórico. From 2005 there are two groups: Inti-Illimani New (Coulon brothers) Inti-Illimani Histórico (José Seves, Horacio Durán and Horacio Salinas) Membership In August 1967 Inti-Illimani's earliest membership consisted of: Horacio Durán Max Berrú Jorge Coulon Luis Espinoza Oscar Guzmán Ciro Retamal Pedro Yáñez In 1968 Inti-Illimani's membership consisted of: Horacio Salinas (Musical director and main composer) Horacio Durán Max Berrú Jorge Coulon Ernesto Perez de Arce Current line-up of the "Inti-Illimani Nuevo": Jorge Coulon Christian González Daniel Cantillana Juan Flores Efren Viera Marcelo Coulon Manuel Meriño César Jara Current line-up of the "Inti-Histórico": Horacio Salinas Horacio Durán José Seves Jorge Ball Fernando Julio Camilo Salinas Danilo Donoso Other members in the history of the group: Ernesto Pérez de Arce Homero Altamirano José Miguel Camus Renato Freyggang Pedro Villagra Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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