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Ferdowsi

Ferdowsi

Ferdowsi


Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi (940–1020 CE), or Firdawsi,[1] was a highly revered Persian poet and the author of the epic of Shahnameh - the Persian “Book of Kings” - which is the world’s longest epic poetry created by a single poet, and the national epic of Iran and the Persian speaking world. Having drafted the Shahnameh under patronage of the Samanid and the Ghaznavid courts of Persia, Ferdowsi is celebrated as one of the most influential Persian poets of all time Read more on Last.fm
Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Hakim Abu ʾl-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi (940–1020 CE), or Firdawsi,[1] was a highly revered Persian poet and the author of the epic of Shahnameh - the Persian “Book of Kings” - which is the world’s longest epic poetry created by a single poet, and the national epic of Iran and the Persian speaking world. Having drafted the Shahnameh under patronage of the Samanid and the Ghaznavid courts of Persia, Ferdowsi is celebrated as one of the most influential Persian poets of all time, and an influential figure in Persian literature Except for his kunya (ابوالقاسم - Abu’l-Qāsim) and his laqab (فردوسی - Ferdowsī, meaning “paradisic” in Arabic), nothing is known with any certainty about his full name. From an early period on, he has been referred to by different additional names and titles, the most common one being حکیم / Ḥakīm (“philosopher”).[3] Based on this, his full name is given in Persian sources as حکیم ابوالقاسم فردوسی توسی / Ḥakīm Abu’l-Qāsim Firdowsī Țusī. Due to the non-standardized transliteration from Persian into English, different spellings of his name are used in English works, including Firdawsi, Firdusi, Firdosi, Firdausi, etc.

The Encyclopaedia of Islam uses the spelling Firdawsī, based on the standardized transliteration method of the German Oriental Society.[1] The Encyclopaedia Iranica, which uses a modified version of the same method (with a stronger emphasis on Persian intonations), gives the spelling Ferdowsī.[3] In both cases, the -ow and -aw are to be pronounced as a diphthong ([aʊ̯]), reflecting the original Arabic and the early New Persian pronunciation of the name. The modern Tajik transliteration of his name in Cyrillic script is Ҳаким Абулқосим Фирдавсӣ Тӯсӣ. Life as a poet It is possible that Ferdowsi wrote some early poems which have not survived. He began work on the Shahnameh around 977, intending it as a continuation of the work of his fellow poet Daqiqi, who had been assassinated by a slave. Like Daqiqi, Ferdowsi employed the prose Shahnameh of ʿAbd-al-Razzāq as a source.

He received generous patronage from the Samanid prince Mansur and completed the first version of the Shahnameh in 994.[3] When the Turkic Ghaznavids overthrew the Samanids in the late 990s, Ferdowsi continued to work on the poem, rewriting sections to praise the Ghaznavid Sultan Mahmud. Mahmud’s attitude to Ferdowsi and how well he rewarded the poet are matters which have long been subject to dispute and have formed the basis of legends about the poet and his patron (see below). The Turkic Mahmud may have been less interested in tales from Iranian history than the Samanids.[15] The later sections of the Shahnameh have passages which reveal Ferdowsi’s fluctuating moods: in some he complains about old age, poverty, illness and the death of his son; in others, he appears happier. Ferdowsi finally completed his epic on 8 March 1010.

Virtually nothing is known with any certainty about the last decade of his life Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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