In February 1914, at aged eleven, he made his concert debut, playing Joseph Haydn's Cello Concerto in D major with the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Felix Weingartner. In 1917, Feuermann went to Leipzig where he studied with the legendary cellist Julius Klengel. In 1919 cellist Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Grützmacher (1866-1919), the nephew of Friedrich Wilhelm Grützmacher, died, and Klengel recommended Feuermann for Grützmacher's position at the Gürzenich Conservatory in Cologne. Feuermann also became principal cellist of the Gürzenich Orchestra, by appointment of its conductor (who was also the conservatory director) Hermann Abendroth. Feuermann also, as part of the position, became cellist of the Bram Elderling Quartet.
At this time, he also joined a short-lived piano trio with his brother and Bruno Walter, the latter on piano. In 1929, Feuermann became professor at the Musikhochschule in Berlin. His musical collaborations during this time included violinists Carl Flesch, Szymon Goldberg, and Joseph Wolfsthal and Paul Hindemith, who played the viola in a string trio with Feuermann and Wolfsthal. Other collaborators included Jascha Heifetz and Artur Rubinstein. On April 3, 1933, the rise of Nazism led to his being dismissed from his position at the Berlin Conservatory because of his Jewish background. He moved to London, along with Goldberg and Hindemith. He toured Japan and the United States (New York City).
He then returned to Europe, where he married Eva Reifenberg in 1935. He played the solo part in the premiere of Arnold Schoenberg's Cello Concerto with Thomas Beecham conducting. He moved for some time to Zürich, but happened to be in Vienna at the time of the Anschluss. Bronislaw Huberman helped Feuermann and his family escape to Israel.
From Israel they moved to the United States in 1937. He taught at the Curtis Institute of Music until his death. In the US, he made numerous legendary chamber-music recordings with Jascha Heifetz, Artur Rubinstein, and others. His relationship with Paul Hindemith suffered when Hindemith chose Gregor Piatigorsky to premiere his Cello Concerto Feuermann died in 1942 of an infection resulting from a minor operation for haemorrhoids. Read more on Last.fm. User-contributed text is available under the Creative Commons By-SA License; additional terms may apply..
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